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HPSCHD-L  May 2007

HPSCHD-L May 2007

Subject:

12 Rossi and other "Lombardian" virginals

From:

Jack Peters <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Harpsichords and Related Topics <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 20 May 2007 15:34:30 -0700

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (74 lines)

At the very center of Northern Italy, between the two outcroppings, one 
to the right including Venice and one to the left with Genoa, is the 
region of Lombardy: wealthy, powerful families like the Sforza 
established dynasties in the 14th centurey leading to great patrons of 
the arts and great names:Monteverdi,Virgil, Straivari Besides the bondry 
wall of the Alps to the north, the vast plain of the river Po, and the 
lakes Como and Maggiore; Lombardy has given rise to the cities of Milan, 
Cremona, Brecia, Mantova, and Bergamo. It is not surprising that out of 
this richness of setting should come a special type of keyboard 
instrument which I call the Lombardian Virginal. 19 survinging examples 
are to be found representing two important families :  The Antegnatis 
and the Rossis
   The Antegnatis were well know as organ builders.Annibale and his son 
Ferrante developed a specialized design of virginal having the keyboard 
projecting only a small amount from the front wall of the case and  
having a decorative keywell enclosing the area of the accidentals.
I will briefly list the 7 Antegnati virginals and then the 12 Rossi 
instruments. Until Ed Kottick began mention of these instruments, little 
was available.
Hubbard mentions nothing of either maker probably because neither left a 
proper flugel shaped harpsichord. (the harpsichord dated 1564 in Dublin 
attributed to Antegnati has been re attributed to Francicus Brixiensis a 
different maker according to D. Martin G. Obrien and D.Wraight)
    Ategnati virginals generally have steep angled case sides and 
elaborate carvings as side key blocks. The also exhibited the original 
compass: F,G,A,-f3 47  notes. A few still have this compass.
   Instruments by Antegnati:   1. 1537 Giovanni Francesco, V&A London 
keys changed to C/E-f3
                                            2.1544  G.F. Museo de la 
Scala  Milan   keys changed the same.
                                            3  no date  G,F Germanische 
Museum Nuremberg MIR 1083  Keys changed as above
                                            4  no date  Rome no 813 
Museum of Ancient instruments    Keys changed
                                            5  1554 G.F  Art Museum 
Brescia Italy   original keys in order
                                            6  Fake date 1603 
Smithsonian Wash DC (in storage as Gheerdinck #60.1391) original keys
                                            7  no date  G.F. Badische 
Landesmuseum, Karlsruhe   keys changed to C-c3
   The bulk of data comes from the thesis by Denzel Wraight. This 
document also has the Rossi data shown below
   Instruments by Rossi          1  1542  Annibale  pentagonal Schubert 
Club St. Paul Minn C/E-c3
                                            2  "1550" probably mistaken 
and whereabouts unknown
                                            3  1555  Annibale 
pentagonal  V&A London  45notes C/E-c3
                                            4  1569  Annibale 
heptagonal  Yale Collection plain C/E-f3 property of Juilliard School
                                            5  1569  Annibale heptagonal 
Kunsthistorishes Museum Hamburg C/E-f3
                                            6  1571  ? ? ? ?    
heptagonal  Private Denzel Wraights thesis # W468  (he knows)
                                            7  1577  Annibale 
heptagonal  V&A London C/E-f3 Totally encrusted with precious stone and 
jewels
                                            8. 15     Annibale 
heptagonal   Germanische National Museum Nuremberg C/E-f3 Renate Huber
                                            9  15     Annibale  
heptagonal  Castello Sforzesco  Milan C/E-f3  newly translated article 
from A' Bonza
                                           10 1582  Ferrante heptagonal  
Palazza Madame Turin Italy (in storage)
                                           11 1580  Ferrante heptagonal  
Stolen from the University of Michigan collection Ann Arbor
                                           12 1597  Ferrante heptagonal  
City of Hamamazu Japan restored and documented by R.K.Lee plan photo +
My interest was originally from the catalogs of the V&A which have 3 
instruments I will be glad to furnish additional information. The only 
full sized plans are my own. A CD of pictures  on the Rossis is 
available from RK Lee in Watertown Mass. Grant O Brien and Denzel 
Wraight have been the leaders on documenting the Anteganti instruments. 
Both families were making at roughly the same time 1530-1600.  Jack Peters

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