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PIPORG-L  May 2005, Week 3

PIPORG-L May 2005, Week 3

Subject:

Re: Organo pleno in Bach's Passacaglia

From:

Stephen Bicknell <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Stephen Bicknell <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 21 May 2005 13:46:13 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (92 lines)

>  two performances of the
> Passacaglia and Fugue in which the piece is played with full organ and
> no
> registration change from beginning to end.

snip

> Most of organ performance history in the 20th century, at least as
> reflected in recordings, involves registration changes inappropriate
> for
> Bach, who employed by and large terrace dynamics.
>
> To change the registration between each variation of the Passacaglia
> would
> be beyond the abilities of even Bach on the organs of his time,
> assuming
> he was working alone.
>

The discussion about the appropriate way of playing this piece has been
going on for my whole lifetime so far and surely will continue.
Meanwhile we know very little in the way of facts about the
relationship of the Passcaglia to the organ or the conventions of
performance for Bach's large set-piece works. They don't belong to an
existing tradition: their highly structured movements of great length
and density are an innovation. We can reasonably *assume* Bach used
terraced dynamics, but we do not *know* so. We have become accustomed
to a school of thought that avoided the use of tierces and manual reeds
in the pleno, but we do not *know* anything much about early 18th
century practice and, as we learn more about the organs of the period,
I think we are probably moving towards seeing more use of 16' manual
pleni with the tierces and reeds (optionally) on. We can work out, if
we wish, what Bach could actually have managed to reach while playing
at Naumburg or Dresden because the consoles survive, but we still don't
*know* what he actually did and probably never will.

Even then, whatever we decide about Bach's own practice we are not
going to play his music like that on a Sauer or a Skinner. Joyless
excercise, frankly.

I do think we should look at our conventional understanding of
historical practice with a sceptical eye and constant re-evaluation and
enquiry. For example, I hope that most of us are beginning to tire of
the M.C.Alain way of registering the trios and are leaning towards
Kauffman for new recipes.

Another example: I have always assumed that in classical organ music it
may be considered permissable to make a manual change or add stops in a
Fugue only if there was a clean break where it could be done. So, one
might play an episode on a lighter registration and then later return
to the main manual with some stops having been added while you were
away. I have often seen players of a more romantic frame of mind
engineer a manual change as part of a crescendo late in a fugue, by
allowing one hand to change manuals at an entry in the middle of a
through-written texture, then following with the other hand when the
next major entry occurs. I have always thought this to be an obvious
break with historic practice.

BUT. I now have in front of me a long double-fugue for organ published
in 1778 by a composer who I can show knew Clavierubung III. (article
and edition in preparation so he will be anonymous for now). I can also
demonstrate stylistically that he was aware of the work of C.P.E.Bach
and Stamitz, as well as having a wide knowledge of the canons of
earlier writing, such as Froberger. The original edition of the piece
is marked 'forte' for the exposition and 'piano' for the long central
episode, based on fragments of the earlier figuration. When the fugal
material returns after the episode, about to wander off into some
remote keys before the close, the composer specifically indicates that
one hand introduces the theme again 'forte' while the episode closes in
the other hand, the other 'forte' mark not appearing until a couple of
bars later when the theme appears in the other stave.

Now, what do you make of that? When you notice a period practice of
that kind, and couple it - perhaps - with the account of Bach playing
the Creed at Altenburg hiking the pitch by a semitone between each
verse, you really are entitled to wonder if there wasn't more going on
in 1730 than the historical record allows one to suggest.

(Will be enjoying more of that kind of thing in the Eurovision Song
Contest from the Ukraine tonight: going up a semitone between verses is
a hallmark of the competition and those of us who love it have our own
personal score-charts for such musical niceties.)

Stephen Bicknell

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
Note:  opinions  expressed on PIPORG-L are those of the  individual con-
tributors and not necessarily  those of the list owners  nor of the Uni-
versity at Albany.  For a brief  summary of list  commands, send mail to
[log in to unmask]  saying  GET LSVCMMDS.TXT  or see  the  web
page at http://www.albany.edu/piporg-l/lsvcmmds.html .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

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